ASSAP: Paranormal Research
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ASSAP bloggerWelcome to the ASSAP paranormal blog! Though this blog is aimed at anyone interested in the paranormal, it will be of particular interest to the paranormal research community. Updated frequently, but not regularly (don't expect something new every day!), it covers any paranormal topic, as well as highlighting recent changes to the ASSAP website. You may not notice it but this site changes on an almost daily basis.

Whenever new information becomes available on a subject ASSAP covers, it is added to the relevant pages of the website straight away. So, just because you've read a page, don't assume it will still be exactly the same when you next look. That way the ASSAP website remains an up to date research resource.

The photo (above right, pic by Val Hope) is the ASSAP blogger himself, out looking for anomalies wherever they are to be found, so that you can read about them here.

Important note: If anything in this blog does not make sense, try following the links in text! If it still doesn't make sense, that's probably my fault ...

Previous blog pages ... (including ghosts, UFOs, poltergeists, flying rods, miracles, orbs, hypnotic regression, big cats, vampires, near sleep experiences, premonitions, shadow ghosts, paranormal photos, auras, river monsters and dozens of other subjects)

ASSAP @ 30: A series of posts summarising what we have learned through thirty years of ASSAP, whose anniversary was 10 June. See here!

27 February: Capturing paranormal phenomena

On ghost vigils it is often the bits between formal 'sessions' when most weird stuff is reported. It will be while you are packing up equipment or going to get a cup of tea when you notice something odd. When you're sitting, attentive, expectent, waiting for something to happen, it hardly ever does. So, wouldn't it be useful to have a device recording everything you see throughout the vigil, including the bits when you're not expecting anything?

This is what went through my mind as I read an article in this week's New Scientist about 'life logging'. You can buy wearable devices that snap photos whenever the scene changes around you. So, you could have a physical record of anything weird you noticed. In addition, the sensor might snap oddities you missed! Also, the photos (typically thousands might be taken over a period of several hours) would also provide a solid record of everything you've experienced, not just the strange stuff. That's important because, if you are actually seeing xenonormal phenomena, there may be clues in the photos to the true nature of what you've witnessed.

Suppose, for instance, you are walking along a spooky corridor in a haunted building and you spot a shadowy figure briefly up ahead. The sensor should snap it. If it doesn't, it suggests you may have been hallucinating or misperceiving. And if it DOES snap something, you may get some idea what the shadow was, possibly getting a record of something paranormal. These type of incidents tend to happen so quickly that it is rare for anyone carrying a conventional camera to get a photo. Such a device could also be given to someone living in an actively haunted house.

Meanwhile, David Clarke reports in his blog a possible contemporary sighting of Spring Heeled Jack! This sort of sighting would be much easier to investigate if the witness was wearing a life logging sensor!

PS: If anyone is getting orbs with a Fujifilm X10 camera, it may be a technical issue rather than the usual 'out of focus highlight'. See here for details - note that people are actually calling the effect 'white orbs'!

22 February: The vanishing bird!

I moved closer for a better look but it had vanished! I had noticed the bird in a tree and, being a birder, I wanted to check what species it was. Even though I'm thoroughly familiar with our local avifauna, sometimes a bird looks 'different' so I have a closer look. It might be something rare!

The viewing conditions were poor, with rain falling relentlessly from a leaden sky. The bird was high in a tree, a silhouette. But when I approached closer, I could not find it. I assumed it had flown off, without me noticing, and wandered back to my previous position. But, on looking back, the same bird was still there, having apparently not moved at all! So how had it vanished in the mean time?

I walked towards the tree once again, this time checking regularly to see if the bird was still there. Suddenly, once again, it had vanished! On looking more intently, I found it! The bird, which was previously silhouetted starkly against the sky, was now barely visible in against a dark evergreen tree in the background. In better lighting, the bird would have stood out well against the evergreen, but in this light it just vanished!

So, mystery solved! As usual, I wondered how the incident might be reported by someone who thought the incident paranormal. It could be viewed as a bird that vanished and then re-appeared. Just like a ghost!

21 February: Fizzling out!

Booms usually end with a bang! However, I predict that the ghost hunting boom will, by contrast, fizzle out over an extended period. Why so?

In a typical financial boom, lots of people invest in something because there is a widespread exaggerated, or just plain wrong, belief that it will yield quick and/or large profits. All goes well for a while as more and more people join the boom, adding to the impression that it must be a sure thing! But then, after a while, when the expected profits do not emerge, doubts turn to panic and huge amounts of cash (or at least 'value') disappear almost overnight.

The reason financial booms abruptly go 'bang' like this is that there are hard figures to look at. In many cases these figures were there all the time through the boom but most people chose to ignore them, preferring to listen to alleged experts or just follow the herd. But once the figures, and what they mean, become widely known, confidence evaporates rapidly. It's not like that at all in ghost research. Hard information is always sparse, ambiguous and open to interpretation. No one is going to demonstrate anything completely new about ghosts overnight.

Even before the ghost hunting boom we knew some stuff about ghosts from examining many cases. Summarized here, there is one rather startling conclusion from the available evidence - it does not obviously support the widely-held belief that ghosts are spirits. That belief is, however, widely held by those involved in the ghost hunting boom. Such unsupported or exaggerated beliefs are common in, or even central to, the formation of booms in general.

But I don't think this particular boom will end in a bang. Unlike a financial boom, where investors expect to see clear signs of profit within a certain period, no one knows when evidence can be expected concerning ghosts. So many people carry on thinking that the next vigil or case will be the one that brings the 'big moment' that will finally provide compelling evidence that ghosts are just what most people imagine them to be. Those of us who have been around ghost research for a while realize, by now, that such a moment will (almost certainly) never arrive.

So, instead of a big bang to end the ghost hunting boom, I predict that it will fizzle out slowly over a long period. Over time, the continued absence of compelling evidence will take its toll. Most people will gradually lose heart, or interest, or just get bored. A few will never give up, but they would probably have studied ghosts with or without the boom. And some will simply follow where the evidence leads, without making any prior assumptions about the nature of ghosts. At least with that last option they will never be disappointed.

20 February: What ghosts do (perhaps)!

The BBC TV drama Being Human is fascinating for the way it portrays ghosts. For instance, the ghosts in the programme are invisible to most humans, except psychics. On the other hand, humans can see an object being carried by a ghost, as if it were floating through the air. Ghosts do not have to be in direct 'physical' contact with an object to make it move, however, being able to do some sort of PK. Ghosts can also 'teleport' directly between locations, though they generally prefer to walk or ride, just like normal humans!

You may say, it's just a drama, so what? Well, it's interesting because it appears to draw on much the same ideas as some people involved in the ghost hunting boom do. The ones that lead to assumption-led methods being used. Many of these ideas, like ghosts being spirits, do not appear to be supported by any compelling evidence from actual investigations. I have never come across a single report where someone saw a ghost move an object which actually physically moved. Though people sometimes report an object moving through the air in haunting cases, they never see a ghost carrying it.

I think is well worthwhile studying fictional representations of the paranormal because they tend to draw on widespread assumptions about the paranormal rather than the results of actual investigations. They may also feed ideas back into the public consciousness that are later reported as real incidents. Paranormal researchers ignore such fictional material at their peril!

PS: Due to heavy demand, there will now be another ASSAP Training Weekend - 'Introduction to Scientific Paranormal Investigation' - on 31 March/1 April in Wiltshire. Please email here for details.
PPS: I heard someone in the street say 'here they are' but, on looking round, I could see no one else around. Then they repeated the utterance and I realized they were actually saying 'Lydia', probably into a phone. It reminded me of how EVP recordings can have many different interpretations (see here).

16 February: Replicate that!

Old brickwork with lens flareIf I was sent the photo, right, what would I make of it? Lens flare is the most obvious explanation. It could be replicated reasonably well by taking a photo of the edge of a wall with the sun shining just out of sight, top left. But now look at the photo here. It is identical except that there is no lens flare on it. In fact, this photo (right) was produced by manipulating the other image with photo editing software.

Yes, the lens flare is fake! If the sun was really just off the top left corner of the photo, it could not be illuminating the wall from the front, as it clearly is! To replicate the photo properly, without manipulation, you'd also need a mirror to reflect sunlight back onto the wall from the observed direction!

Just because you can replicate a reported effect, it doesn't mean you've necessarily found its true cause. It doesn't rule out other possible explanations, paranormal or xenonormal. So does this mean that replicating apparently paranormal incidents is a pointless exercise? Far from it!

The incidents that comprise typical paranormal reports are rarely, if ever, unique. We see the same things being reported again and again. Haunting cases, for instance, typically involve unexplained sounds, often including 'knocks' or 'raps'. It is possible to replicate many such sounds with natural causes.

And general explanations of phenomena typically reported as paranormal can frequently explain specific incidents in particular cases. Take orbs, for instance. Many people still report orbs in photos taken at haunted locations (even though few paranormal researchers still take them seriously). It is possible to replicate orbs quite simply (see this video, for instance). The existence of a general explanation for orbs (such as the orb zone theory) means that, for a specific report, you need to show that it does NOT apply in that particular case. And there have been many reports of particular orbs that are not, at first sight, obviously explained by the theory. However, additional studies have covered all these cases so far (see here for a list).

So, while replicating a particular incident does not necessarily explain it, reproducing typically-reported paranormal phenomena in general produces theories that become the 'explanation to beat'. This is why xenonormal studies are so important. Sadly, few researchers do such studies. If they did, they might find that many incidents they currently regard as unexplained, or even baffling, simply are not! Paranormal researchers need to understand the xenonormal every bit as much as the paranormal!

14 February: Extraordinary events happen

The sound told me what I needed to know - I would find the fallen plastic lid on the concrete floor. Except it wasn't there! Instead, I found it in an open plastic bag lying on the floor. The bag was very thin and the lid fell straight onto its bottom where it touched the floor. As a result, the bag made no difference to the sound of impact. It was just like a plastic lid hitting concrete!

It was another of those minor, everyday incidents that makes me think. It never occurred to me that the lid could make a sound like hitting concrete when it had fallen into a plastic bag (or even that it might miss hitting the sides of the bag). But that's what happened! Imagine such an incident happening on a ghost vigil. The witnesses would all say they heard an object hit the floor but it was nowhere to be found. Surely it would be reported a possible apport!

However, there is a wider lesson to draw here. When people try to replicate paranormal reports on site, they often don't try many things, with the result that they quickly decide it must be 'unexplained'. That's because they are thinking of obvious possible natural explanations for paranormal reports. But what if it had an UNOBVIOUS natural cause? After all, if it was something obvious, it would probably never have been reported in the first place! Though SOME xenonormal incidents have obvious causes, many do not! Instead, they have extraordinary (but natural) causes, such as rare coincidences.

I used to work in a building where, very rarely, you could hear ghostly moans in the kitchen! It turned out to be the wind blowing through a particular feature on the outside of the building. However, it only occurred when the wind blew in a very particular direction, which happened rarely. Anyone investigating the report would have found nothing, unless they happened to visit when the wind was in the right direction.

That's why it is vital to establish as much information about the exact circumstances of a report when you investigate it. And why, when you try to replicate an effect, you need to think of unlikely, as well as likely, causes. The extraordinary happens, sometimes, and when it does it might well be reported as paranormal.

10 February: The ghost car and the cold bee

On the second occasion I got suspicious! I heard the squeak of a car braking outside in the road for the second time in five minutes. So what, you may think? Well, firstly most cars make little or no noise when they brake these days. Secondly, there is no special reason to brake in that stretch of road. But most importantly, each time it happened I was opening a particular door. And there was no car in the road outside!

Some experiments with the door revealed that if you opened it steadily, at a particular speed, it produced the 'car braking' sound exactly. Faster or slower and the sound was different or non-existent. What was remarkable was that I actually heard the sound coming from the street, even though it had not done so. My brain had told me, unequivocally, that the sound was coming from the road. This was entirely due to aural misperception which apparently has the ability to override actual sensory input which should have told me the sound was coming from a different direction.

Another remarkable thing about this incident is that I blogged about this effect only very recently (here). It is another example of how, when you know about a perceptual effect, it tends to happen to you, which I also blogged about recently (here). All of which also qualifies the incident as a coincidence! It is amazing what can be gleaned about the nature of reports of paranormal phenomena by studying the detail of everyday life.

BeeAnother interesting observation, made today, was of a bumble bee flying around snow-covered bushes in temperatures of -1C! The significance of this concerns claims I've come across that a particular photo of a flying rod or orb could not have been caused by insects because it was too cold! Admittedly, bumble bees do have special methods to achieve their remarkable trick (see here) but I've seen other insect species flying in similarly cold conditions. In this particular case, the bee may have found somewhere warm, perhaps its roosting location, to get flying. Nevertheless, it utterly disproved the idea that insects can only fly when its warm!

9 February: How to analyze anomalous photos

Ghostly tie"First learn the technical aspects of photography." That's the first line of an article I have long wanted to write entitled "How to analyze anomalous photos". Unfortunately, I never get past that first off-putting line and now realize the piece will never be written. It seems over-optimistic to expect people to master photography before they can analyze their own paranormal pictures, though it is difficult to see a way around it. The trouble is that, in order to eliminate natural causes, you really need to understand them first. That means, unfortunately, that you do need to know your ISO from your f-stop and shutter speed from colour balance.

Modern cameras are fantastic! They take care of exposure, focussing and even camera shake. It's possible for anyone to point and shoot a modern camera and great a great shot in almost all conditions. But all that technical stuff that you used to need to know to take a good photo is still there, it's just hidden from view. And it is the technical stuff that produces the photographic artefacts like orbs, light trails, transparent objects, flying rods and so on. These artefacts come down to photographic technicalities like depth of field, exposure time, reflection, refraction and so on.

The nearest I've got to a guide to analyzing paranormal photos is to describe how the main types of photographic artefacts arise (see here). But it's not really a 'how to ...' guide. Without assuming an understanding of the technicalities of photography on the part of the reader, such an article would be incredibly long and complicated.

A similar principle applies to paranormal investigation in general. It is no use saying, for instance, that an unexplained sound heard on a ghost vigil is 'paranormal' unless you know how to eliminate all likely (and unlikely) natural explanations. And this requires at least a basic understanding of the physics of sound production and transmission.

This does not mean that every paranormal investigator needs to be a trained scientist. It DOES mean that investigators should be aware that they need to consult relevant specialists from time to time. An extremely valuable virtue for paranormal researchers is humility - the realization that you don't know everything!

PS: Explanation of photo here.

7 February: Ghost on stage during rock concert!

Snow orbsIf asked, I'll admit to only having started to see ghosts in recent years, despite decades of attending vigils. However, there was one bizarre precedent, at a rock concert many years ago. I can't remember much about it now but it has left an indelible memory. There was an 'extra' member of the band on stage who not only did not move but was strangely white.

No one else at the concert commented on the 'ghost' and, being there on my own, I had no one to discuss my sighting with. At the time I thought it was a deliberate effect, perhaps a hologram. However, this was long before such things were common on stage. Such a dramatic development would certainly have been mentioned by concert-goers and probably in the music press. It was not!

I eventually decided that it must be an illusion, created by a combination of dry ice and lasers, that perhaps only I (and maybe one or two others) saw as a person! And that is why I never think of it as a ghost. It may well be an early example of my recently discovered ability to notice misperceptions! That is my best guess at present - a misperception caused by the lighting on stage which is, as anyone who has been to a rock concert will know, usually far from natural! I should add that I was at the back of the theatre so my view of the stage was not great.

We've had some snow recently and the photo, above right, shows that falling flakes can appear as orbs, if you use a flash. It is not just the small white blobs, obviously snow, but large translucent orbs, more familiar from ghost vigils!

6 February: Assumptions will always bite you in the end

I sat with my eyes closed, listening to music I'd first heard decades ago when young! It seemed extraordinary to hear rock music played live, and note perfect, so long after it was originally recorded. I never imagined the rock groups of my youth would still be playing live to their fans in the twenty-first century.

As I reeled back the years, I was reminded me of a particular time in ASSAP's early years. I was coming back from a meeting, feeling elated, where several exciting developments had been reported. It felt as though the secrets of the paranormal were not only about to reveal themselves to us but to the public as well. It didn't work out quite that way but when you're young you see only possibilities, not obstacles. I guess the young people involved in the ghost hunting boom feel the same way. They probably think they are just a couple of investigations away from the 'definitive evidence'. Not figures from a lab experiment but the Hollywood moment that will put the paranormal beyond doubt for everyone.

What happened in ASSAP was that we discovered, as others had before us, is that evidence for the paranormal is much more elusive than we'd ever imagined. You think you've got great evidence, only to realize you haven't eliminated all possible natural explanations - and it's too late to go back and fix it. The problem is usually that, when something weird happens, you're never fully prepared. If you get a video of a ghost, an incredible achievement, you realize it isn't enough. You need more videos of the same incident from different angles. and, ideally, videos of all the areas nearby! It seems there is always a 'get out clause' that leaves you looking at something 'unexplained' but you cannot demonstrate it to be definitively 'unexplainable'.

Those people in the current 'ghost hunting boom' seem to have taken a different approach. They make assumptions about the nature of what they are investigating. Unfortunately, assumption-led methods can never challenge their own assumptions. This an implicit 'get out clause' to all their research, effectively devaluing it. If you assume ghosts are spirits you can never prove they are not. And given that there is no compelling evidence that ghosts ARE spirits, this will always be always a highway to nowhere.

What paranormal research has taught me is that ALL assumptions produce unwanted 'get out clauses' in your work that will always bite you, sooner or later! You might know that there SHOULD NOT have been someone in a particular room at a certain time. But that is not the same as KNOWING, for a fact, that there was no one there! If you didn't check, it's a 'get out clause' that can never be fixed after the event.

It can take a while to to appreciate these sort of things, even though they seem obvious when you just say them. Paranormal research is not as easy as it might look. A lot of instruments might look great but they are no guarantee that you will get any useful evidence. You need to think of EVERYTHING. Really! And, even then, you can guarantee you'll get caught out by the one thing you forgot.

2 February: OBEs and motion sickness

The mountainous waves of the North Sea were curiously ineffective. I tend to fall victim to sea sickness in heavy seas and these were the worst I'd ever sailed in. And yet, I lay in my bunk on the overnight crossing feeling fine. It seems that, in my case at least, lying down made me immune from sea sickness. Others have had similar experiences, though I've no idea how widespread this effect is among the general population.

So, why should lying down stop sea sickness? Motion sickness is thought to be caused by a conflict between the sensory input from your eyes and vestibular system ('inner ear') about where you are physically in space. If you are inside a pitching boat, the cabin walls appear to be motionless. However, your vestibular system is aware that actually you are changing angle, relative to gravity, all the time.

While the vestibular system detects when we are standing up or lying down, it appears work differently according to which of those positions a person is in. When lying down it appears to be more tolerant of unexplained motions. This may be an unconsciously learned thing. After all, when standing, your precise position is crucial to maintaining balance. But when you're lying down, with your body fully supported, there is no need to maintain balance. Effectively, the brain appears to take less notice of the vestibular system when you're lying down. Thus, conflicts between the vestibular system and visual information are less likely to induce motion sickness. Or that's my theory, anyway.

And what has this to do with the paranormal? OBEs, in an acronym! Most OBEs happen to people who are lying down, many on the verge of sleep. We know that OBEs happen when the brain loses its sense of where the body is in physical space. This information is supplied to the brain by a combination of vision, touch and input from the vestibular system. If one of these inputs is reduced, it may trigger an OBE. So when someone is lying down, the input from their vestibular system may be reduced.

Of course, not everyone has an OBE whenever they lie down. There will be other factors involved as well. In particular, some people are more liable to have OBEs. Darkness probably helps as well, as it removes another visual cue as to where a person's body is in space. But, if there is a likely place for a person to have an OBE, it's going to be when lying down!

OBEs can arise when there are conflicts between the visual, touch and vestibular cues about where a person's body is in space. These things can also cause motion sickness. So, are people with sea sickness actually having a type of OBE? Probably not! But if anyone's ever felt 'out of their body' during a bout of motion sickness, please let me know!

PS: Big cat ruled out by DNA tests. Trivia snippet: ASSAP once held a training course at Woodchester.

1 February: Will technology ever solve the mystery of ghosts?

If a machine could see what you're thinking, would it see a ghost when you did? Such questions may soon be answered, given recent scientific developments. Today it was reported that scientists can now tell what words patients are thinking, through a machine. And it may soon be possible to view on a screen what people are seeing.

So what would we see on the screen if a subject was watching a ghost? Firstly, we need to remember that what a person sees does not necessarily correspond to what is actually physically present. Misperception means that there will be differences. Since we know that many ghost sightings are caused by misperception, many ghosts are likely to be visible in a brain scan while being absent from a simultaneous video of the same scene. The same applies to hallucinations, responsible for many ghost sightings. It will, however, be fascinating to actually see how someone's perception can turn a poorly-seen tree into a human figure!

We already know that many ghost sightings are subjective and brain scans will doubtless confirm this. But this will not answer the question of whether some ghosts might be paranormal. Such sightings might be subjective too. Some people theorize that paranormal ghosts may appear directly in someone's thoughts, through something like telepathy, without being physically visible outside that person's brain. Such a hypothetical ghost would not be ruled out by brain scan technology.

The same is true of other technology applied to ghosts. If someone gets 'unusual' readings from an instrument, like an EMF meter, at a haunted location, what does it mean? There are many possible natural causes of 'unusual' readings. Even if you compared readings from a haunted location with a similar non-haunted one and only got weird ones at the former, it would only mean there was something special about that place, not that it is anything to do with its being haunted.

So, I don't think technology can definitely solve the mystery of ghosts, unless we get lucky! If there just happens to some distinctive 'signature' to instrument readings from paranormal events, it might produce a way to detect them. But if there is nothing distinctive about such readings, it will always be impossible to differentiate them from readings with natural causes. So, while it is well worth pursuing the use of technology in ghost research, we must be prepared for the possibility that it may, in the end, simply not help.

For a review of paranormal research in the noughties, see here.

Last month's (January) website figures are an average of 11587 hits per day. This is considerably up on the previous month's 7731 daily average which were affected by the holidays. But it was also considerably up on Jan 2011's average of 8373!


Previous blog pages ...

  • Jan 2012 (including stopping flying rods, photographing fairies, time warp, a ghost tie, ghostly fingers, New Year UFOs)
  • Dec 2011 (including missing time, improving ghost vigils, anomalous photos, ghostly faces, seeing fiction)
  • Nov 2011 (including OBE video games, EVP and VLF, whatshisname, paranormal misconceptions, invisible ghosts)
  • Oct 2011 (including smartphone ghosts, similacrum, smell of ghosts, morphing UFOs, slowing time)
  • Sep 2011 (including tidy ghost, MADS, transparent ghost, big announcement, ghost fox, not alone)
  • Aug 2011 (including cold spots, spectral hound, triangular UFO, ghost photos, rushing air and being dragged)
  • July 2011 (including Hilary Evans, Harry Potter, witness investment, bias in paranormal research, TV detectives)
  • June 2011 (including ASSAP @ 30, detecting lies, hyper-vigilence, strange thunder)
  • May 2011 (including ASSAP @ 30, lone shoes, flying rods, bias, early memories, strange floating object)
  • Apr 2011 (including royal wedding, mirror touch synaesthesia, sleep disorders, new ghost sighting)
  • Mar 2011 (including roof heron, Atlantis, first time witnesses, comparing film to digital paranormal photos)
  • Feb 2011 (including predicting the future, ghost bird, time slip, weird floor, what do we really know about paranormal)
  • Jan 2011 (including the ghost hunting boom, orange UFO, EVP experiment, extreme normality)
  • Dec 2010 (including microsleeps and road ghosts, shadow ghost in snow, lack of ghosts in photos, anthropomorphism)
  • Nov 2010 (including EMF meters, auras, evidence for precognition, sensitisation, the ghost hunting boom)
  • Oct 2010 (including black orbs, UnConvention, mirror visions, levitation, flying rods and orbs)
  • Sep 2010 (including a ring tone from the roof, shadow ghost video, time slip explanation, daylight orb video)
  • Aug 2010 (including Parisian UFO, sense of presence, SLI, consulting experts, misperception)
  • Jul 2010 (including Sherlock Holmes as a paranormal investigator, haunting sounds, what ARE hallucinations)
  • Jun 2010 (including the Loch Ness Monster, gorilla video, getting ghost stories the wrong way round)
  • May 2010 (including ball lightning, Wem ghost photo, waking up twice, eyewitnesses, Robin Hood)
  • Apr 2010 (including causes of road ghosts, new orb evidence, bird UFOs, UFO photo, not quite seeing is believing)
  • Mar 2010 (including experiencing hypnagogia, consciousness, belief, prolonged misperception, doppelganger)
  • Feb 2010 (including visual continuity errors - AKA ghosts, near sleep experiences on trains, spontaneous OOBEs)
  • Jan 2010 (including intelligent oil, SLI, inducing OOBEs, orange UFOs, the bleak midwinter)
  • Dec 2009 (including review of research in the noughties, pretty orbs, imperceptions, river monster)
  • Nov 2009 (including EVP without a recorder, demons and entities, why only some people see ghosts)
  • Oct 2009 (including grey ghost, near sleep experiences, a triangular UFO and seeing David Beckham)
  • Sep 2009 (including latent memory, Tufted Puffin, Bermuda Triangle and garden poltergeist)
  • Aug 2009 (including official UFO files, partial ghosts, flying rods and miracles)
  • Jul 2009 (including garden poltergeist, big cat video, orbs and hypnotic regression)
  • Jun 2009 (including thoughts from nowhere, shadow ghosts, premonitions and metallic UFO)
  • May 2009 (including analysing paranormal photos, making ghosts and ghost lore)
  • Apr 2009 (including phantom bird, choice blindness and grass that gets up and walks away)
  • Mar 2009 (including deja vu, ghostly mists, weird UFO photo, white ghosts and naked eye orbs)
  • Feb 2009 (including hidden memories, coincidences, auras and window UFOs)
  • Jan 2009 (including animals sensing ghosts, vampires, flying rod season and a haunted path)
  • Dec 2008
  • Nov 2008
  • Oct 2008
  • Sep 2008
  • Aug 2008
  • July 2008
  • June 2008
  • May 2008
  • April 2008
  • March 2008
  • February 2008
  • January 2008
  • December 2007
  • November 2007
  • October 2007
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© Maurice Townsend 2012